Criminal Justice Terminology

Criminal Justice Terminology

Charging device used by a prosecutor’s office for certain crimes.

Formal hearing in which the accused enters a plea of guilty or not guilty.

Bench Trial
A trial in which the Judge is the finder of fact, not a jury.

Bind Over
When the case is transferred from a Municipality, Magistrate Court, or State Court to the Superior Court/District Attorney’s Office.

The mechanism that allows a defendant out of jail pending his/her trial.

Bond Revocation
If the defendant is accused of violating any conditions place on the bond order that allows the defendant out of jail, a hearing takes place to determine the consequences (usually jail time).

Contempt of Court
When a person violates a civil order of the court.

District Attorney’s Office
The office that prosecutes felony cases on behalf of the State of Georgia.

The person who is accused of a criminal act.

Draw Accusation and/or Indictment
Process in which the prosecutor determines what crimes to charge against the defendant.

Term to describe the official procedure for a defendant/attorney to obtain legal information about the State’s case.

Diversion Program
Programs for defendants who are first time offenders for certain crimes. Successful completion would likely result in the dismissal of criminal charges.

Family Violence Act (FVA)
The section of the Georgia Criminal Code that defines which crimes and relationships between the parties are qualified for Temporary Protective Orders and heightened criminal consequences.

Grand Jury
A jury of 23 people hear evidence presented by the District Attorney’s Office regarding felony charges. The charges are drawn on a document called an indictment. Felonies such as rape, murder and armed robbery are always presented to the Grand Jury. However, some felonies may be charged by accusation instead of indictment.

Habitual Violator
A person who has a recidivist record will be identified as habitual violator.

A formal charging document that is produced by the District Attorney’s Office through the Grand Jury and is submitted to the Clerk as the official charge(s) against a defendant. These are the charges that the State is required to prove in a trial.

Jury Trial
A trial in which a jury of people is the finder of fact.

Procedures in which the prosecutor and defense attorney argue in front of a Judge about what specifically is and is not allowed in a pending trial.

No Bill
The term is used when a Grand Jury does not find sufficient evidence to proceed with charges against a defendant.

Nolle Prosequi
The procedure in which the prosecutor used to dismiss a case after the charges have been filed with the Court.

Nolo Contendere
A plea in which the defendant is not admitting to guilt but is not contesting the charge.

Not Presented to Grand Jury (NPGJ)
The procedure that the prosecutor uses to dismiss a case prior to the charges being filed with the Court.

Preliminary Hearing
A hearing in front of a Magistrate Court Judge to gain more information from the parties involved as it relates to probable cause.

Probable Cause
The measure of standard required before a Magistrate Court Judge can issue a warrant for criminal arrest.

An alternative to jail that often includes various conditions that the defendant must comply. Usually counseling and or treatment.

Probation Revocation
A hearing to determine if the defendant has violated conditions of his/her probation and subsequent consequences.

The attorney for the State of Georgia.

Public Defender or Defense Attorney
The attorney for the accused.

Reasonable Doubt
The level of proof required by the State to prove the charges at trial.

The amount of money the Judge orders the defendant to pay at sentencing to reimburse a victim for out of pocket expenses.

Temporary Protective Order (TPO)
A special type of “restraining order” for the relief of violence or stalking defined under the law.

True Bill
The term is used when a Grand Jury does find sufficient evidence to proceed with charges against a defendant.

Victim Compensation
A State of Georgia program, through the Governor’s Office, of financial support for victims of crime for out of pocket expenses related to a crime. Types of expenses include; medical, funeral, mental health, lost wages, and loss of support.


DeKalb County District Attorney’s Office Honored for Anti-Recidivism Program

DeKalb County District Attorney’s Office Honored for Anti-Recidivism Program

June 12, 2014

[Decatur, GA]
The DeKalb County Board of Commissioners recently honored the DeKalb County District Attorney’s Office for creating a program dedicated to giving offenders ages 17 -25 a second chance. The Anti-Recidivism Court was created by District Attorney Robert James in December 2011. Since the program’s inception, 22 participants have successfully completed the program.

“This unique program offers young, first-time, non-violent offenders a second chance at life,” said James. “This program does not give them a ‘get out of jail free’ pass for their mistakes, but it allows them to learn from their prior missteps through a rigorous year-long program.”

The Anti-Recidivism Court is a collaborative partnership among DeKalb County Public Defenders’ Office, DeKalb County Magistrate Court and DeKalb County District Attorney’s Office.

According to national statistics, approximately two-thirds of individuals arrested will be re-arrested within three years. “The judicial system can become a revolving door for criminals. We wanted to deliberately interrupt the cycle of recidivism here in DeKalb through this program.”

Currently, 20 participants are enrolled in the year-long Anti-Recidivism Court.

As conditions of the diversion program, each participant is ordered to: report to private probation, perform community service, undergo random monitoring, report to monthly compliance hearings and abide by a curfew/electronic monitoring. Additionally, participants must pay any restitution involved with their arrest, enroll in an academic program if they have not obtained a high school diploma/GED and attend behavior modification classes.

“We focus on developing the person and providing them with the skills needed to be successful in life,” said James. “We not only provide them with life skills training but also a strict guideline to follow. Many do not complete the course .

For those participants who do complete all of their requirements, they will have their cases dismissed.”

If a participant is found in violation of the diversion program terms, then their case would be sent back to Superior Court for prosecution. “The program is not a fit for ever applicant,” said Diversion Program Director Kaleema Thomas. “The participants have to be committed to change and willing to work on themselves throughout the process.”


Atlanta Anger Management offers two such Lifeskills Courses.

  1. Anger Management Class
  2. Character Development Class


1. Anger Management Class

Anger Management is a course of treatment that seeks to help people whose anger emotion is causing negative problems in their personal, business or public life.

Anderson & Anderson’s Certified Anger Management Facilitators are influencing how anger management is practiced throughout the United States. Richard Taylor of Atlanta Anger Management sets the standard in Atlanta with many others following our lead. We offer what is needed and other companies soon copy us and offer it too. Two companies have even copied our name or derivatives thereof. Such flattery, thank you.

Anger Management has moved from the basic idea of management of anger to a broader understanding of the relationship between:

  • anger self-awareness
  • anger management
  • stress self-awareness
  • stress management
  • improving communication
  • increasing self-awareness
  • mindfulness
  • social awareness
  • impulse control
  • optimism
  • decision making
  • self-perception
  • flexibility
  • and relationship management

These lifeskills learned are positive by design and move the participant from low motivation into high motivation to commit to the process if they only honor their Pre-Trial Diversion Program requirements by completing the number of hours required.

♦ Unfortunately many get their Letter Of Enrollment attending their first class to (get off the hook) for their first Probation Meeting and then disappear into their past patterns that only lead to more trouble and eventual arrest ~ jail time for violation of their Agreed On Terms Of Pre-Trial Diversion Program.  Stricter penalties needed to be served for violation in our estimation.

Participants completing the Anger Management Class (Course) leave with enhanced life skills for greater self understanding (awareness), learn to control one’s emotions, better social awareness for better interactions and more productive relationship management.

In most cases reduced recidivism is also achieved.

NOTE: Anger Management is not psychotherapy. Anger Management is psycho-education and a highly personalized form of treatment using educational approach to skill development. Specialized Anger Management Certification Training of 40 Hours or more by national certification companies should be the standard for practice.

Anger Management does not seek to help those in need of counseling to find ways of avoiding their anger altogether. According to the American Psychiatric Association, anger is a normal human emotion. It is not a mental disorder, consequently it is not responsive to traditional counseling, psychotherapy or psychotropic medication. Additionally anger is not listed in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) DSM-IV-TR.

Anger is exemplified by anger outbursts or tempers that flair out of proportion to the causing stimuli or situation. Anger can be aggressive as in verbal abuse or physical abuse but also passive as in emotional blackmail, negative control issues, silent treatment etc. The individual experiencing anger often lashes out against family members, friends, acquaintances coworkers, even strangers.

Anger is a problem under the following circumstances:

When it occurs too frequently
• When it is too intense 
• When it lasts too long
• When it leads to health issues
• When it destroys interpersonal relationships: personal, work and public 
• When it results in person-directed aggression: verbal abuse or physical abuse

Anger can be managed using skills/tools that can be learned through a course of proven Anger Management curriculum.

Atlanta Anger Management is offered in:

Minimally these classes are designed to teach core life skills in the following domains:

• Self Observing Self
• Anger Awareness and Anger Management
• Stress Awareness and Stress Management
• Improved Communication through Assertion Training & Active Listening
• Emotional Intelligence:
self-awareness, self control, social awareness and relationship management
• Relationship Management
• Cognitive Restructuring
• Learning to Respond To Another Person’s Anger
• Optimism and Gratitude


The first step is to call Richard at 678-576-1913 and we get to know one another. It is usually fairly brief but provides you the opportunity to discuss current situation and what some of the issues are and define your requirements as dictated by your referring party.

2. Character Development Class

SYLLABUS – Some Counties Require 8 Hours/Weeks Others 12 Hours/Weeks.

Willingness to Change and Developing Discipline; Life Review: Is It Working For You?

Trigger Assessment
Passive Aggressive Assessment
Aggressive Assessment
Cognitive Distortions Assessment
Communication Style, Empathy, Stress, Change Orientation Assessment




WEEK 6: Be Impeccable With Your Word, BEING TRUSTWORTHY, Developing Integrity

WEEK 7: Don’t Take Things  Personally, Don’t Make Assumptions, INCREASE POSITIVITY







Trigger Assessment
Passive Aggressive Assessment
Aggressive Assessment
Cognitive Distortions Assessment
Communication Style, Empathy, Stress, Change Orientation Assessment



Richard Taylor BS, CAMF

Richard Taylor BS, CAMF

Director Richard Taylor BS, CAMF
Certified Anger Management Facilitator
Diplomate American Association Anger Management Providers

Atlanta Anger Management 
5555 Glenridge Connector
Suite 200 (2nd Floor)
Atlanta, Georgia 30342 USA

Office Phone: 678-576-1913
Fax: 1-866-551-1253

Linked in:

#1 Oldest Certified Anderson and Anderson™ Anger Management Provider
The Best Of The Best In Anger Management & Emotional Intelligence 

Dunwoody Amnesty Program June-July 2014

Dunwoody Municipal Court

Dunwoody Amnesty Program June-July 2014

Dunwoody Municipal Court has jurisdiction over violations of State law and local ordinances that occur within the city limits of Dunwoody, Georgia. These violations include most traffic related violations and various misdemeanors.

Utilizing the most steadfast technology, the Administration of Dunwoody Municipal Court is committed to ensuring the accuracy of all court records, account for all fines and fees receipted in a transparent manner, and strive to provide expeditious, fair and reliable adjudication of all cases while providing courteous customer service to its customers and community in a professional manner.

For Lastest Up To Date Information Click Here.


Dunwoody Amnesty Program June-July 2014

The City of Dunwoody Municipal Court is holding an Amnesty Program for individuals with past due traffic citations and or active bench warrants for failing to appear in court. The incentive of the program is to promote lawful driving privileges, settle outstanding violations with the court and reduce arrests.
Amnesty will run during the months of June and July, 2014 at the Dunwoody Municipal Court located at 41 Perimeter Center East, Suite 103, Dunwoody, Georgia 30346. Individuals may walk-in to the Municipal Court on Mondays as well as Wednesday through Friday during the hours of 8:30 a.m.- 4:30 p.m. only, no exceptions.
During that time if individuals pay their fines in full, all contempt fees will be forgiven. If the individual’s offense(s) requires a mandatory court appearance, the individual will be granted a future court date to appear before a Judge and all warrants will be cleared and warrant fees forgiven.
Forms of payments that will be accepted are cash, money order, cashier checks, and credit cards (Visa and MasterCard only) NO PERSONAL CHECKS. For more information, please contact the City of Dunwoody Municipal Court at 678-382-6973.

Trina Gallien
Court Administrator

Municipal Court Location
41 Perimeter Center East, Suite 103
Dunwoody, GA 30346
Phone: 678-382-6973
Fax: 770-396-4717

Hours of Operation
Monday – Friday
8:00 am – 5:00 pm


Probation Services Locations:
1530 Dunwoody Village Parkway, Suite 206
Dunwoody, GA 30338
Phone:  770-673-8085
Fax: 770-673-8087


Frequently Asked Questions
Click above for a quick reference to commonly asked questions and additional information regarding Municipal Court.

Dunwoody Municipal Court is in session each week excluding major holidays. You may locate your scheduled court date and time on your citation copy.




Arraignments are held:
Tuesday 9:00 a.m.
Wednesday 6:00 p.m

Thursday 1:00 p.m. (Bi-weekly)

Trials are held:
The last Wednesday of each month at 6:00 p.m. only

Dressing for Court:

If you are appearing in court, you should dress appropriately and in a manner that shows respect for the court. Not dressing properly for court will delay your hearing and may require you to appear more than once.

You should NOT wear:

· Miniskirts or shorts
· Ripped or torn jeans exposing skin/body parts
· Flip flops
· Sunglasses (unless prescribed)
· Hats inside the courtroom (except those worn for religious purposes)
· T-shirts depicting violence, sexual acts, profanity, or illegal drugs
· Baggy pants that fall below the waist
· Tube or halter tops/spaghetti straps/plunging necklines/midriffs
· Muscle shirts (usually worn as undergarments)



Please allow a minimum of 6 to 72 hours from the date of issuance for your citation to be processed. If you are unable to access your citation(s) online after such time, please contact the court.

Hours for Payments
Monday – Friday (excluding major holidays)
8:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.

To avoid late penalties, citation payments must be paid on or before your scheduled court date and time. If you are unable to pay your citation online, you must appear in court on your scheduled court date and time as indicated on your citation. If you have missed your court date, you are now in failure to appear status and payments must be made in person at the Dunwoody Municipal Court.




Accepted forms of payment include: Master Card, Visa, Money Order, or Cash (in person only).
No personal checks accepted. Pay your Citations Online

If you have been issued a citaiton and have questions concerning point violations and/or license suspensions, please click (here) to the Department of Driver Services or contact their offices at 678-413-8400.


Attorneys of Record
Any attorney representing a defendant in this Court must first file an Entry of Appearance prior to the scheduled court date and time with the Clerk’s office either in person or mail. The Clerk’s office will also accept an E.O.A. via email as a PDF attachment atdunwoody.courts@dunwoodyga.govPlease do not mail or fax dupliciate copies if you have previously submitted them via email.

In areas of conflict, the Court request notice at least 30 days prior to the scheduled court date and time. Concerning newly retained cases, the Court request a courtesy notice at least 48 hours prior to the scheduled court date and time. The Clerk’s office will respond to your request within 24 hours during normal business hours Monday through Friday between the hours of 8:00 a.m – 5:00 p.m.