What Alcohol Does to Your Body, Brain, Heart, and Muscles

ALCOHOL + Anger Management

Clients often ask me what alcohol does, as it is the most consumed beverage that causes erratic behaviors leading to them getting arrested for offences defined as Disorderly Conduct, Obstruction Of A Police Officer, Assault, Simple Assault, Battery, Simple Battery and Affray.

What Alcohol Does to Your Body, Brain, Heart, and Muscles

Men’s Health May 31, 2015

See how drinking affects every part of your body.

Just one sip of beer, wine, or whisky hangs out in your body for about 2 hours. Once it quickly enters your bloodstream, it touches down on nearly every organ and system in your body.

Thanks to its job breaking down toxins, your liver bears the brunt of heavy drinking. But even if you don’t imbibe enough to cause cirrhosis—the dangerous liver scarring that marks the final stage of alcohol-induced liver disease—your bar nights may start taking their toll on your health. (To make sure you stay healthy for Now, we like alcohol, so we’re not finger-wagging. Moderate drinking—about two servings per day for men—brings a slew of health benefits, from lowering your risk for diabetes to boosting your creativity. (And for a book filled with how to achieve all of your healthy-living goals, check out The Better Man Project. It’s jam-packed with genius strategies for losing your belly fat, sharpening your mind, and getting everything you want out life.)

But if you start to overdo it, alcohol can certainly have negative effects. Here’s what happens in your body when you throw down more than a few.

  1. Your Brain

Contrary to popular belief, alcohol doesn’t actually kill your brain cells, says David Sack, M.D., CEO of addiction-treatment company Elements Behavioral Health.

But hooch does alter levels of neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers that control your mood, perception, and behavior, he says.

Alcohol impairs brain areas such as the cerebellum—the control site for your balance and coordination—and your cerebral cortex, which is responsible for thinking, memory, and learning, says Kimberly S. Walitzer, Ph.D., deputy director of the University at Buffalo’s Research Institute on Addictions.

Plus, University of Michigan researchers found the amygdala—an area of the brain involved in fear and anger—showed less of a reaction to threatening faces after a single drink, potentially explaining why you’re prone to risky behavior (like fighting a bouncer) under the influence.

  1. Your Skin

Sure, beer goggles may make other people appear hotter—but booze doesn’t do your own mug many favors. Alcohol dilates blood vessels on your face, making them more prone to breakage.

This gives you bloodshot eyes and worsens a ruddy-skinned condition called rosacea, says dermatologist David E. Bank, M.D., of Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center.

Your heart pumps more fluid into surrounding tissues to balance out those alcohol-widened arteries and veins, leaving you with a bloated, puffy face.

  1. Your Muscles

Hit the gym as hard as you want—if you hightail it to the bar afterward, you may never get the arms you want. (And by the way, here’s 25 Ways To Build Your Biceps.)

Alcohol tinkers with your hormonal and inflammatory responses to exercise, making it more difficult for your body to repair damaged proteins and build new ones (essential steps in getting ripped), according to a recent review in the journal Sports Medicine.

You’ll compound this effect if you reach for a beer before a recovery snack or shake, says study author Matthew Barnes, Ph.D., of Massey University in New Zealand.

So take the time to get some protein, carbohydrates, and non-boozy fluids into your system post-workout before cracking open your first cold one.

  1. Your Heart

Moderate drinking might protect your ticker due to the blood vessel-relaxing polyphenols that alcohol contains or by raising your levels of HDL, (“good” cholesterol), says researcher Kirsten Mehlig, Ph.D., of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.

But her recent study in the journal Alcohol suggests these effects may only benefit the 15 percent of the population with a certain genetic profile affecting HDL levels. It’s too soon to recommend genetic testing to guide your alcohol consumption, she points out.

Meanwhile, those same two drinks per day can raise your risk of atrial fibrillation by 17 percent, according to a study in theJournal of the American College of Cardiology.

This type of irregular heartbeat approximately quadruples your risk of having a stroke and triples your risk of heart failure.

  1. Your Stomach

Just one night of bingeing—that’s five drinks or more for guys in about 2 hours—increases what’s called your gut permeability, according to University of Massachusetts Medical School researchers.

Harmful toxins and bacteria leak from your digestive system into your bloodstream, prompting a dangerous immune-system response that can eventually lead to liver disease and other health problems.

At lower doses, alcohol irritates your stomach, increases acidity, and relaxes the muscle at the end of your esophagus, causing heartburn, Dr. Sacks says.

(Too much drinking can also lead to a beer belly. But you can enjoy alcohol and drop your dead weight with The Lose Your Spare Tire Program.)

  1. Your Penis

Having as few as five drinks a week decreases your sperm count and percentage of healthy swimmers, perhaps by affecting levels of sex hormones like testosterone, Danish researchers recently reported in the journal BMJ Open.

And while you may find a glass of vino sets the mood, anything more than that could wreck your performance in the bedroom, Dr. Sacks says.

Almost three-quarters of men with alcohol dependence have at least one sexual health issue, such as low desire, erectile dysfunction, or premature ejaculation, say Indian researchers.

By Cindy Kuzma

More From Men’s Health:

The Better Man Project

Source: https://www.yahoo.com/health/what-alcohol-does-to-your-body-brain-heart-and-120112791673.html

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Richard TaylorAtlanta Anger Management
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Office Phone: 678-576-1913
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Blood Alcohol Level Calculator

Blood Alcohol Level Calculator

Blood alcohol content, or BAC, is an important number that helps determine the level of alcohol in a person’s bloodstream. The higher the BAC, the more alcohol is likely to have an impact on everything from coordination and balance to emotions and brain function.

Controlling your alcohol intake and watching your BAC levels can help prevent harm both to yourself and to others. To make tracking your BAC levels easier, consider using our BAC calculator below. A BAC calculator will help do the math for you, providing an estimate of your current blood alcohol content.

1. Number of Drinks:

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2. What Are You Drinking?

reduced alc. beer 12oz
light beer 12oz
light canadian beer – 12oz 2.41%abv
canadian beer – 341ml 5%abv
canadian beer – 500ml 5%abv
canadian beer – 500ml 10%abv
imported beer 12oz
beer 12oz
malt liquor 12oz
common table wine 5oz
champagne 5oz
bloody mary
gin and tonic
highball
irish coffee
on the rocks
pina colada
screw driver
tom collins
whiskey sour
margarita
airline miniature
gimlet
old fashioned
mint julep
black russian
dry martini
fortified/dessert wine 5oz
manhattan
rob roy
double on the rocks
frozen daiquiri
harry buffalo

3.Your Weight: (lbs)

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4. How Long Have You Been Drinking?

0 hours
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Your Blood Alcohol Content* (BAC %):

Analysis:

 

How is BAC Determined?

Alcohol impacts your BAC in different ways, and can even impact various people differently. The most common way BAC is raised is through the number of drinks that a person consumes, on top of how many drinks you have and how quickly each drink is consumed in relation to each other.

Body weight can also play a role in determining BAC, as someone who weighs more has a higher water volume than someone who weighs less. This difference results in smaller people experiencing a greater impact from the same amount of alcohol ingested by larger people. Gender also impacts BAC, as women typically have a lower water volume in their bodies than men. To a lesser extent, recent food consumption, or the lack of food consumption, may also impact BAC.

How BAC Impacts the Body

Even a small amount of alcohol can impact both coordination and judgment when drinking, with each drink increasing your overall impairment. Too much alcohol and your body will ultimately shut down, resulting in organ failure and even death. It’s important to understand that individuals may react differently to alcohol intoxication at each BAC level. In general, they may exhibit some or all of the following symptoms and behaviors.

.02 BAC
At this level, the muscles start to relax. Inhibitions are also reduced, with many individuals experiencing a heightening of whatever mood they may have been in before they started drinking, whether that be a positive or a negative state of mind.

.05 BAC
Once you reach this level, you may start experiencing a mild euphoria. Your body temperature starts to feel elevated and your inhibitions become even more relaxed, along with an even greater exaggeration of mood.

.08 BAC
This is the legal BAC limit in many states, and typically for good reason. At this point you may think you’re not intoxicated, but your speech has started to slur, your ability to walk and stand starts to become more difficult and your reaction times slow. At this level of intoxication, motor skills are largely impacted and driving a car becomes dangerous (though for many, even at lower levels you should not be behind the wheel of a vehicle).

.10 BAC
At this level, your intoxication is more apparent both to yourselves and to those around you. Your judgement, memory, motor skills and balance are all reduced, and you start to forget just how many drinks you’ve had. Depending on the individual, you may become loud or belligerent. Men begin to experience difficulty achieving and maintaining an erection at this level.

.14 BAC
Once above .13, feelings of euphoria start to drop, and feelings of sickness, dizziness, and difficulty controlling the body take over. Each of the negative effects of drinking at lower alcohol concentrations are markedly more severe. At this point you may also start to black out.

.20 – .30 BAC
Alcohol sickness starts at this level, often resulting in vomiting. When this intoxicated, gag reflex is severely impacted, dramatically increasing the risks of choking on your own vomit. Blackouts are more frequent, and your memory starts to blackout as well. Pain sensors are dampened, which means that if you are injured at this point, you may not know it or feel the pain from it. This also reduces the chances you’ll go to get help.

.35 BAC
Once at .35, your blood alcohol level is similar to the effects of being under anesthesia. Your brain function is reduced, which also reduces your respiratory rate, causing you to potentially stop breathing.

.40 BAC
If you have not stopped breathing by this point, your body will most likely enter a coma state. Your heart rate will slow, and your chances of survival are very low.

Additional Consequences

Along with the physical consequences listed above, various potential social, financial and legal consequences may also occur with intoxication. For example, driving while intoxicated can not only injure you, but can also injure innocent people around you. In fact, an estimated 30 people die every day in the United States due to alcohol-related traffic accidents, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Even if you survive the accident, or not even cause an accident at all, you may still be faced with fines and jail time for driving under the influence (DUI). Once you’re allowed to drive again, you may see additional penalties in the form of increased insurance rates and difficulty finding companies that will take the risk to insure you.

Please Don’t Drink and Drive

All states have passed a .08 per se law. the final one took effect in august of 2005.  

* Calculations are estimates only and not to be relied upon for real life situations. This is because there are so many subtle differences, such as varying metabolic rates sex, medications being taken, how frequent drinks were taken, and other health issues. Therefore, this calculator should be used for general purpose information only.

Additional BAC details are available from the NHTSA

Disclaimer: This is in no way designed to be a guideline for how much you can legally drink! POSTING BY ATLANTA ANGER MANAGEMENT is a Public Service Announcement. Use at your own risk. Best to not drink alcohol. If drinking use a Designated Driver or take a TAXI home.

SOURCE: http://www.sr22insurance.net/bac-calculator/

ATLANTA ANGER MANAGEMENT does not offer DUI classes. This is a Public Service Posting. Our clients often have Anger incidences while drinking and get arrested for Disorderly Conduct, Simple Battery, Battery, Assault, Simple Assault and Affray. Our clients have wondered how alcohol affects their brains and behaviors. Here is the answer.

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ANGER MANAGEMENT CLASSES IN ATLANTA GA

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CONTACT:

Director Richard Taylor BS, CAMF
Certified Anger Management Facilitator
Diplomate American Association Anger Management Providers

Richard TaylorAtlanta Anger Management
5555 Glenridge Connector
Suite 200 (2nd Floor)
Atlanta, Georgia 30342 USA

Office Phone: 678-576-1913
Fax: 1-866-551-1253
Web: www.atlantaangermanagement.com
E-mail: richardtaylor5555@gmail.com

Linked in:http://www.linkedin.com/in/richardtayloraam

#1 Certified Anderson and Anderson™ Anger Management Provider
The Best Of The Best In Anger Management & Emotional Intelligence